Skeletal structure assignment Copy

Outcome 2: Be able to have knowledge of the skeletal system

 

Use the worksheet below for your assignment. You can download this by clicking the title ‘The skeletal system’ hyperlink below:

Click here to download THE SKELETAL SYSTEM

For this assignment you are required to explain the skeletal structure including-

Outcome 2: Be able to have knowledge of the skeletal system Skeletal assignment brief – (THE WORKSHEET ABOVE COVERS ALL THIS CRITERIA)

 

  1. Explain the functions of the skeleton: Support, joints, movement, protection, attachment, mineral source, blood cell formation.
  2. Describe the structure and classification of bone a types of bone tissue (compact, cancellous, bone marrow) and include how basic production of erythrocytes (red blood cells/ haemoglobin) and thrombocytes (platelets) and leucocytes is in the marrow of spongy (cancellous) bones
  • Compact –
  • Cancellous –
  1. Define the role of the following Cells of bone: Osteocytes, Osteoblasts, Osteoclasts
  2. Describe the parts of a long bone: Epiphysis, Diaphysis, red bone marrow, compact tissue, cancellous tissue, Periosteum
  3.  Describe the different types of bone and where these are in the body. You can add images to help expand on your answer.
  • Long, Short, Flat, Irregular, Sesamoid
  1. There are three main types of joints listed below. Compare the difference between the different types of joints, giving examples (including pictures) of their location and range of movement:
  • Fibrous/fixed
  • Cartilaginous/slightly moveable
  • Synovial/freely moveable (ball and socket, hinge, pivot, gliding, condyloid/saddle)

7. The skeleton can be divided into two parts: Label a diagram with the following terms:

  • Appendicular skeleton:

Shoulder girdle – clavicle, scapula.

Upper limb – humerus, radius, ulna, carpals (scaphoid, lunate, triquetral, pisiform, trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, hamate), metacarpals, phalanges.

Pelvic girdle – ilium, ischium, pubis (innominate bones).

Lower limb – femur, patella, tibia, fibula, tarsals (talus, calcaneus, navicular, medial, intermediate and lateral cuniform, cuboid), metatarsals, phalanges.

 

  • Axial skeleton:

Skull – frontal, occipital, parietal, sphenoid, ethmoid, temporal, nasal, zygomatic, maxilla, mandible, lacrimal, turbinator, palatine, vomer, hyoid.

Thoracic – ribs, sternum, vertebral column, cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, coccyx, intervertebral disc.

Ensure good practice by including a bibliography stating the resources you used for researching this assignment. Please submit this assignment to [email protected] along with your full name and assignment title.

Diagrams you may like to use