Muscle assignment Copy

Outcome 3: Be able to have knowledge of the muscular system: Muscles Assignment

Use the worksheet below to complete the assignment brief. You can download this by clicking the title ‘The Muscular System’ hyperlink below:

Click here to download THE MUSCULAR SYSTEM


Outcome 3: Be able to have knowledge of the muscular system – Muscular assignment brief

  1. Explain the functions of the muscular system:

Contraction, Relaxation, Attachment, Tone, Tension, Fatigue, Movement – (include (flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, supination, pronation, rotation, circumduction, inversion, eversion, plantarflexion, dorsiflexion)

  1. Describe the three types of muscular tissue: (cardiac, smooth and skeletal) and indicate the typical location.
  1. Describe how muscles move due to actin and myosin:
  1. State the difference between a tendon and a ligament:
  1. Label diagrams showing the position of the muscles listed below and create a table to detail the muscle name and its action:
Muscle Action
Frontalis Raises the eyebrows


Muscles of the head, face, neck: Buccinator, corrugator, depressor labii anguli, depressor labii inferioris, frontalis, levator anguli oris, levator labii superioris, levator palpebrae, levator scapula, masseter, mentalis, nasalis, occipitalis, orbicularis oculi, orbicularis oris, platysma, procerus, pterygoids, risorius, sternocleidomastoid, temporalis, zygomaticus.

Muscle of the anterior trunk: Iliopsoas (iliacus and psoas), internal and external intercostals, internal and external obliques, pectoralis major/minor, rectus abdominus, serratus anterior, transversalis abdominus.

Muscles of the posterior trunk: Deltoid, erector spinae, gluteal group (maximus, medius, minimus), infraspinatus, latissimus dorsi, quadratus lumborum, rhomboids, splenius capitis, subscapularis, supraspinatus, teres major, teres minor, trapezius.

Muscles of the upper limb: Biceps, brachialis, brachioradialis, coracobrachialis, deltoid, extensor carpi digitorum, extensor carpi radialis, extensor carpi ulnaris, flexor carpi digitorum, flexor carpi radialis, flexor carpi ulnaris, pronator teres, supinator radii brevis, triceps.

Muscles of the lower limb: Adductors (longus, magnus, brevis), extensor digitorum longus, fibularis (peroneus), longus, flexor digitorum longus, flexor digitorum longus, flexor hallucis longus, gastrocnemius, gracilis, hamstrings (biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus), piriformis, quadriceps (rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius), sartorius, soleus, tensor fascia latae, tibialis anterior, tibialis posterior.


Make sure to include a bibliography, at the end of your assignment, to state which resources you used during the research for your assignment.

Please submit this assignment to [email protected] along with your full name and assignment number.

Some diagrams you can use