There are many causes of external bleeding, usually they are small and easily managable and the body’s natural defences can control healing with minor assistance. When our bodies detect cuts, platelets are sent to the area where they bind with exposed collagen. The platelets are activated by a series of chemical processes and they release pro-thrombotic molecules which begin the clotting process allowing the skin to heal itself, the external appearance becomes a scab which will eventually detach itself when the underlying layers of the epidermis are able to return to normal function.
The most common types of external bleeding that will be seen in the salon workplace are abrasions/grazes, puncture wounds and scratches. More serious external bleeding can be experienced if a large vein or artery is accidentally punctured and this will need a much more rapid and vigorous response. Occasionally surface bleeding will be observed under the skin with discoloration or bruising apparent. All cuts can lead to the temporary loss of normal function in the area and the client could become pale, cold and sweaty as the body activates its own healing process.
The first response to any bleed should be to apply pressure with a clean pad. If a foreign body is embedded in the wound, it is best not to move it or to apply pressure directly on it, instead you should apply pressure around the object and try to secure the pads in place with the use of a bandage.