Anatomy (blood vessels & muscles of the face)

Anatomy – Arteries and veins


Anatomy – Why it is so very important.

Safety is paramount as always, and it is vital that you understand the underlying structures in the face before injecting.  Unlike botulinum toxins, the effects of dermal filler on the structures of the face can be permanent.

The most serious side effects are caused by blocking arteries and thereby causing necrosis of any structures supplied by that vessel.  In the most extreme cases, this has caused blindness (so far 32 cases worldwide).   Thankfully, even with the high popularity of undertrained practitioners, these side effects remain rare.   Their seriousness however makes it of vital importance that you know how to avoid and manage serious side effects.

Thankfully serious side effects are very rare, and rarer still in those who know how to avoid them.

Anatomy- Blood Vessels of the face

Muscles of the head and face:

Layers of the skin: